Egg Harvest for Consumption
The Problem: Throughout the past several years there have been many stories in the news about sea turtle egg poachers being arrested for tampering with nests and trying to sell eggs. Although these stories are a great step toward creating awareness for this plight for turtles, there is still more that needs to be done. One of the main problems sea turtles face is poaching while they are most vulnerable, before they have hatched. After the female turtle has laid her eggs, she will bury them and return to the sea. The area where she nests will be disturbed, making it easy for poachers to identify the nesting site.
There are many reasons humans seek sea turtle eggs. In some Latin American countries sea turtle dishes are often served at special occasions including weddings, Mother's Day, Christmas and Easter, while the eggs are especially coveted as an aphrodisiac and source of protein. Because the eggs are a desirable good to some people, there are many poachers who have made it their business to tap into this market and sell eggs for a lucrative profit.
Species Affected: All species are affected by egg poaching.
The Solution: Roughly 50 percent of the world's population
lives along the coast, making a solution to egg poaching a challenge.
Coastal resource managers have little detail on how differently
constructed and positioned armoring structures affect sea turtle
nesting. Additional studies are needed to further understand the
alternatives to the current coastal structures. Current regulatory
policies must change if there is any hope of saving natural beaches.
These changes cannot take place without the public's help.
Case Studies: Usually, a combination of these methods will achieve the most successful results. Evidence of this success can be seen in Tortuguero, Costa Rica - the largest green turtle nesting site in the Western Hemisphere. In this remote area, villagers were first educated about the importance of conserving these species and the threats that consumption poses to sea turtle survival. Conservationists also settled in the area to conduct on-going research of this key green turtle population. Slowly, villagers began to realize that changing their economy from one of consumption to conservation would increase their economic potential through tourism. Today, Tortuguero is a model for other small communities and boasts a 400 percent increase in nesting green turtles.